how to use water efficiently in and around your home
- Consider these water - wise ideas in the gardens
- Raise the edges of your garden beds to prevent run -off.
- Choose indigenous and drought - tolerent plants for your garden - ieeally plants that are suitable for your prticular climate.
- Use a good mulch to reduce water run - off and evapouration such as bark chips gravel or compost.
- Plant windbreaks to reduce the drying effect of wind.
Control weeds, which compete with useful plants for water.
- Keep planted areas dense and consolidated. Sparse scattered plants are more difficult to water.
- Use windbreaks perogolas screens lattices shade cloth and climbers to shelter to water.
- Collect rainwater from your roof in tanks placed under downpipes.
- Construct underground French drains form the gutters to where you wish water to be directed.
- Avoid cleaning paved areas with a hose pipe - rather brush them down with a garden broom.
- Use a bucket than a hosepipe.
- Add organic matter to the soil whenever possible as it assists in water retention.
- When planting up containers mix water retaining granuales into the potting soil.
- if your ground is compact, whn you first, deep till or loosen it for better water penetration. if you have clay soil add lime.
- Switch off irrigation systems or sprinklers as soon as puddles start to form.
- consider a drip irrigation system for watering, shrubs trees and vegetables. this will prevent water loss by evaporation.
- During extended periods of cool, overcast weather reduce the time of the irrigation cycles.
- Check your irrigation system regularly to avoid losing water through leaks and inefficiency.
Irrigate at night when the evapotranspiration rates are lower and the water pressure is higher.
- Adjust sprinklers so they don't water the paving.
Water your garden.
- Avoid watering on windy days.
- Water when your plant is starting to wilt.
- the best times to water are early in the morning or late afternoon.
- Water your garden less often, often but more thoroughly as frequent watering encourages shallow roots making your plants more.
- Plants annuals and other plants with high water needs in containers rather than in masses.
- Use water timers on your tap in case you forget to turn of the hose
- Water your garden with a watering can whenever possible rather than a hose.
- create water water basins around trees and large shrubs directly by installing a pipe that runs through the soil and down to the roots.
- In summer rainfall areas delay watering to early in spring as plants will normally only flourish after the first good rains
- Keep your lawn area small
- Minimise run off by contouring your lawn to channel water into boarders not down driveways.
- Encourage healthy deep rooted grass by irrigating lawns as deeply and infrequently as possible.
- Grow cucumbers and tomatoes in containers as they require large amounts of water.
- Sow carrots lettuce beet turnips and radish in closely spaced parallel rows or in a band to reduce the area requiring water.
- make sure the vegetables garden is moist at the start of the day when groing into a heatwave