Before making Ghusl one should make Niyyah (intention) thus: – “I am performing Ghusl so as to become clean.” Without Niyyah, there is no Thawaab (reward) although Ghusl will be valid. Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy and one should not face towards the Kiblah while making Ghusl. Ghusl may be performed standing or seated, preferably seated. Use sufficient water, don’t skimp nor be wasteful. One should abstain from speaking while performing Ghusl. It is better not to read any Kalima or Ayah while bathing. Be aware of these rules whilst making Ghusl.
PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMING GHUSL:
Wash both hands up to and including wrists. Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najaasat. If there is Najaasat elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed off. Perform Wudhu (Read separate pamphlet for Wudhu according to Sunnah). If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, and then perform the complete Wudhu.
If there is fear of the feet being immersed in wastewater during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice. After performing Wudhu, pour water over the head thrice, then pour thrice over right shoulder and thrice again over left shoulder.
Now pour water over entire body and rub. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid. If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair, but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head.
It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body, and that no portion is left dry. Rings and earrings, etc. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wet. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If, while performing Wudhu, the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to wash them again. Dry the body with a clean towel, and dress as hastily as possible. If, after Ghusl, one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry, it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl, but merely wash the dry portion. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils, these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed.
The three Faraa’ids (compulsory acts) of Ghusl are: –
a. To rinse the mouth in such a manner that water reaches the entire mouth.
b. To rinse the nostrils up to the ending of the fleshy part.
c. To completely wet the whole body. When one performs these Faraa’id intentionally or unintentionally Ghusl will be valid.