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Malice

Jun 29, 2011
 
1. Ibn Abbas narrates that once the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, while passing through one of the graveyards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet said, "These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid)." The Prophet then added, "Yes! (They are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, "I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried."
 
2. Abu Huraira Narrates that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, "Beware of suspicion (about others), as suspicion is the falsest talk, and do not spy upon each other, and do not listen to the evil talk of the people about others' affairs, and do not have enmity with one another, but be brothers. And none should ask for the hand of a girl who is already engaged to his (Muslim) brother, but one should wait till the first suitor marries her or leaves her."

3. Abu Hurayra (R.A) said that the Messenger of Allah,( May Allah bless him and grant him peace,) said, "The doors of the Garden are opened on Monday and Thursday. Every Muslim slave who does not associate anything with Allah is forgiven except for the man who has enmity between him and his brother. It is said, 'Leave these two until they have made reconciliation.
 
4. Abu Hurayra said, "The actions of people are presented twice each week, on Monday and Thursday. Every trusting slave is forgiven except for a slave who has enmity between him and his brother. It is said, 'Leave these two until they turn in tawba.(repentance) Leave these two until they turn in tawba.' ''
 
5. Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’as narrates that Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: How would you be, (i.e. what will be your condition) O people, when Persia and Rome would be conquered for you? Upon this AbdurRahman b Awf said: We would say as Allah has commanded us to say and we would express our gratitude to Allah. Thereupon Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: “Nothing else besides this, You would (in fact) vie with one another, then you would feel jealous, then your relations would be estranged and then you will bear enmity against one another, (or something to this effect Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said). Then you would go to the poor emigrants and would make some the masters of the others.(some of you will become the masters of others).
 
6. Abdullah ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to supplicate Allah (make dua): "Oh My Lord, help me and do not give help against me; grant me victory, and do not grant victory over me; plan on my behalf and do not plan against me; guide me, and make my right guidance easy for me; grant me victory over those who act wrongfully towards me; O Allah, make me grateful to Thee, mindful of Thee, full of fear towards Thee, devoted to Thy obedience, humble before Thee, or penitent. My Lord, accept my repentance, wash away my sin, answer my supplication, clearly establish my evidence, guide my heart, make true my tongue and draw out malice in my breast."
 
From this hadith we come to know the dislike Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam had for malice, that in his duas he used to ask Allah to remove it from his heart.
 
7. Anas ibn Malik Narrates that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said to me: Oh My son, if you are in a position to pass your morning and evening keeping your heart free from malice against anyone, then act according to it (this high ideal). He then said: Oh My son, this is my Sunnah and he who loves my Sunnah, in fact loves me and he who loves me, will be with me in Paradise.  Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
 
8. When Malik Ashtar was appointed as the Governor of Egypt, Ali (R.A) instructed him as follows: "O Malik, let it be known to you that you have been appointed to the governorship of Egypt. All of your actions as the Governor will be open to the criticism of the people. You should do good deeds. Keep your passions under control. Your dealings with your subjects should be just and fair. Treat them affectionately and love them. There are two kinds of subjects to be governed, firstly your brethren in Islam, and secondly the minorities whose protection has been guaranteed. Intentionally or unintentionally the people are apt to make mistakes. It will behoove you to excuse them, as you expect that God will forgive your sins. Do not be ashamed if you pardon them. Never find pleasure in punishing them. Do not be short tempered. Never say that you are Governor above them, for it breeds a feeling of inferiority in them. Should you ever take pride in your exalted office then think of the power and grandeur of God, for that is the only means to check your arrogance. Remember that Allah (God) hates the cruel and the arrogant. Be fair and just, for if you fail in it, you are a tyrant and tyrant is the enemy of Allah. Allah hearkens to the weak and the afflicted. Follow the path of moderation in your doings, and try to please your subjects. It is the common masses who are a power in the eyes of Islam. Freely mix with the masses, and refrain from the company of the backbiters and the wicked. Be broad-minded, overlook the faults of others, and forgive them. Do not bear malice against anyone, and do not do anything which is below your dignity. The backbiters and the wicked are very cunning, never lend an ear to what they say. Do not seek the advice of a coward who will make you faint hearted. Do not take the greedy persons as your advisers, for they will make you cruel. Above all bear in mind that miserliness, cowardice, and greed ruin a person. In the selection of Ministers see that you appoint those persons who speak the truth, howsoever unpalatable it may be. Do not seek the advice of those who may flatter you to your face, for flattery breeds arrogance. Do not give an equal status to a bad and a good person. Treat a good person kindly and a bad person curtly. Remember that it is better to rule over the people by love than by fear. Always try to satisfy and please your subjects.
 
9. Umar (R.a) said: "People generally hate their ruler and I seek protection of Allah lest my people should entertain similar feelings about me." Some of his standing instructions to his executive were: "Avoid vain suspicions; keep away from malice; do not encourage people to cherish vain hopes; be careful in respect of Allah's property in your charge; be accessible to the people; guard yourself against evil men; seek the company of the righteous; attend to your job with due diligence; do not procrastinate in the despatch of state business; watch your subordinates; take immediate action against those who are corrupt or inefficient; and award merit." All these instructions given 1,400 years ago would be as true today as these were then.

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