- It must be possible to walk in them for more than three miles without them tearing. The walking is without shoes on.
- They must be non-porous preventing water seeping through.
- They must remain firm on the foreleg without being tied with laces, elastic, etc. They should not slip down while walking as ordinary socks do.
THE METHOD OF MAKING MASAH:
The following acts will nullify the Masah which was made on the Khuffain:
- All things which nullify Wudhu.
- Removal of the Khuff (sock).
- The expiry of the period i.e. 24 hours for the Muqeem and 72 hours for the Musaafir.
- If only one sock was removed then too, it is Waajib to remove the other one and wash both feet even if only the foreleg is exposed by lowering the Khuff, it will be regarded as if the whole sock has been removed. It will then be COMPULSORY to remove the Khuffain and wash both feet.
- Even if the foreleg is exposed by lowering the Khuff, it will be regarded as if the whole sock has been removed. It will then be COMPULSORY to remove the Khuffain and wash both feet.
- It is not permissible to make Masah on a Khuff which is torn to such an extent that an area equal to the size of three small toes is exposed. It is permissible to make Masah on the sock if it is torn less than this.
- If the seam of the Khuff comes loose, but while walking the foot is not exposed, Masah on such Khuffain will be valid.
- If a Muqeem who has made Masah Alal Khuffain goes on a journey before the expiry of 24 hours, then his Masah may be extended to 72 hours. His Masah will now be valid for 72 hours.
- If a Musaafir who has made Masah Alal Khuffain returns to his home town then his Masah will be valid for only 24 hours.
- It is permissible to make Masah on ordinary woollen etc, socks which have been covered with leather.
- If Ghusl becomes compulsory then Masah Alal Khuffain will not be permissible even if the valid period has not yet expired. The Khuffain must be removed when the Ghusl is taken and the feet washed.
- If after making Masah one sets foot in a puddle of water and water enters the Khuff wetting more than half the foot, then Masah will be nullified. Both Khuffain must be removed and the feet washed.
Question: What is the benefit of wearing leather socks?
Answer: If one wears leather socks after having made wudhu and his wudhu breaks thereafter, then when he makes his wudhu again, it would not be necessary for him/her to wash the feet, but rather it would be permissible to make masah (passing of wet hands) on the leather socks.
Question: Can one make masah on ordinary socks?
Answer: To make masah on ordinary socks alone is not permissible. However, if they have been covered with leather, or covered in leather in the shape of men’s shoes (in other words there are leather soles upon ordinary socks), or they are so thick and hard that they can stay on without being tied, and one can walk about four to six kilometers with them – then in all these cases masah on ordinary socks is permissible.
Question: Will masah be permissible if the leather socks are worn over ordinary socks?
Answer: If leather socks are worn over ordinary socks (cotton or woollen socks, etc.), masah will be permissible.
Question: Can one make masah on a burqa, gloves, hat, or turban?
Answer: Masah is not permissible on a burqah (head cover), gloves, hat or turban.
Question: What is the method of making masah on leather socks?
Answer: The method of making masah is that after wetting the fingers, they should be placed in the front. Place the fingers flat on the socks with the palms away from them. Thereafter, draw or pull the fingers towards the ankles. If the palms are also placed flat on the socks together with the fingers, it will be permissible.
Question: What is the ruling if one only makes masah with the tip of his fingers?
Answer:If the fingers were not placed flat on the leather socks but only the finger tips were placed, then this masah will not be permissible. However, if water drips continuously on the fingers and it could wet an area equal to three fingers, it will be permissible.
Question: What is the maximum period; one can make masah on leather socks after wearing them.
Answer: The person who is on a journey can make masah on the leather socks for a maximum period of three days and three nights (72 hours). As for the one who is not traveling, for him the maximum period is one day and one night (24 hours).
Question: From what time the 72 hours or 24 hours will be calculated?
Answer: This period of one day and night (24hours) or three days and three nights (72hours) will be calculated from the time the wudhu breaks and not from the time when the leather socks were worn.
For example, a person made wudhu at the time of Zuhr and then wore his leather socks. Thereafter his wudhu broke at the time of sunset. It will now be permissible for him to make masah right until the sunset of the following day. And if he is on a journey, then right until the sunset of the third day. Once the sun sets, it will not be permissible for him to make masah.
Question: What breaks the masah?
1- Whatever breaks wudhu also breaks masah of the leather socks.
2- Removing the leather socks also breaks masah. (i.e. if a person is in a state of wudhu and he removes his leather socks, masah will break. He will have to wash both his feet again and there is no need to repeat the entire Wudhu.
NOTE: If the leather sock of only one foot was removed, it will be wajib to remove the leather sock of the other foot as well and to wash both the feet.
3- Masah also breaks with the expiry of the period of masah. If the person is still in a state of wudhu after the expiry of the period, then only the feet will have to be washed.
There is no need to repeat the entire wudhu. But if wudhu has also broken, then after removing the leather socks, the entire wudhu will have to be repeated.
Question: Can one make masah on leather socks when ghusl becomes obligatory?
Answer: If ghusl becomes obligatory on a person he should first remove the leather socks and then have a bath. Making masah on the leather socks when bathing is not permissible.
NOTE: The person who is making ghusl cannot make masah irrespective of whether it is a compulsory or sunnat bath. For example, a person raises his feet in such a way, that he washes his entire body except his feet, and after having washed his entire body, he makes masah on his feet. This is not permissible.
Question: Is it to make masah on leather socks when they are torn?
Answer: If the leather socks are torn to the extent that when one walks, an area equal to three fingers of the feet becomes exposed, then masah on them will not be permissible. But if less than three fingers get exposed, it will be permissible.
If the leather socks gets open on one foot equal to two fingers, and equal to one finger on the other foot, masah will be permissible. If one foot is torn in several places and all this equals three fingers, masah will not be permissible. But if these several places do not add up to three fingers, masah will be permissible.
If the stitches of the leather socks got opened but the foot is not visible from them, masah will be permissible. But if it is such that while walking they become visible and when one is not walking they cannot be seen, then masah will not be permissible.
Question: In which cases will the masah not be permissible?
Answer: If the socks are so short that they do not cover the ankles, masah on them is not permissible. Similarly, if a person is not in a state of wudhu and wears the leather socks, masah on them will not be permissible. He will have to remove them and wash the feet.
Question: Will the masah break if ones foot gets wet?
Answer: If a major portion (i.e. more than half) of his foot got wet in some way or another, the leather socks will have to be removed and the feet will have to be washed.