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Africa Report: Guinea’s coup and its consequences

Sep 22, 2021

By Staff Writer

Two weeks after Guinea’s Coup, which saw lieutenant Col Mamady Doumbouya overthrow the Alpha Conde regime, little has subsequently changed.

There is no government and no transitional charter, which Doumbouya argues will be issued after a series of national consultations. Further, the country has been suspended by the West African bloc, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which has seen two coups orchestrated in the region in the past six months.

Speaking to Radio Islam International, Stephanie Walters, a senior research fellow at the South African Institute for Security Studies, argued that the coup was worrisome but noted that Conde’s term in office was contested.

“We did have in Guinea a government that was highly contested. The government of Conde had been facing popular protests over a number of different things, attempts to extend mandates.”

She noted that ECOWAS was one of the most “principled” on the continent in responding to extra-constitutional changes in power. Further, ECOWAS also responded to events in Guinea in a context wherein a similar coup within a coup was orchestrated in Mali in May. ECOWAS has thus instituted travel and financial sanctions on the coup leaders.

Meanwhile, in Mali, the military-controlled government has agreed with the Russian Wagner group, which France and most Western world oppose. Wagner, Walters noted, operates in Libya and the Central African Republic, where the government is contested.

Further, the group is akin to a mercenary group but closely linked to the Putin regime.

“We call it a mercenary group because essentially it is soldiers for higher, and it lacks transparency. We don’t know the accountability of the soldiers, and we know that in Africa, those types of organisations often get involved in human rights violations in illegal activities that we don’t want.”

The Malian government has opposed this growing opposition, arguing that it was in contravention of the country’s sovereignty. Walters also noted that the government in office now is different from the one who supported France’s now failed intervention in the country since 2013.

Last, in Rwanda, repression has become ever more salient with the conviction of Kagame critic Paul Rusesabagina on ‘terror’ related charges. Rusesabagina, who was made famous for saving ethnic Tutsis during the 1994 genocide in the Hollywood movie Hotel Rwanda, was sentenced to 25 years in prison.

Rusesabagina was one of 21 facing charges, and was kidnapped from a UAE flight en route to Burundi to face trial.

“Of course, we know that Rusesabagina is only the latest in a very long line of political opponents with Paul Kagame who have either faced these highly politicised trials or who’ve been assassinated as numerous critics have been assassinated, even in South Africa.



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