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Discipline of Actions

The discipline of actions in Islam is rooted in the guidance provided by the Quran and the Hadith, and it encompasses a comprehensive ethical framework that dictates how Muslims should conduct themselves in all aspects of life. This framework aims to cultivate a life of integrity, righteousness, and compassion. Let us take a look at some of the key principles and guidelines that outline the discipline of actions in Islam:

  1. Living with Integrity and Honesty (Sidq)

Just as truthfulness is crucial in speech, it is equally vital in actions. The Quran advises believers to act justly and honestly.

وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَـَٔانُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰٓ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا۟ ۚ ٱعْدِلُوا۟ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ

and let not the enmity of a people incite you to do injustice; do justice; that is nearer to piety. [Al-Ma’idah 5: 8]

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was known for his integrity, earning the title “Al-Amin” (the Trustworthy) even before his Prophet-hood.

  1. Justice and Fairness (Adl)

Muslims are commanded to be fair and just in all dealings. Surah An-Nisa [4: 135] calls for standing firmly for justice, even against oneself or close relatives.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُونُوا۟ قَوَّٰمِينَ بِٱلْقِسْطِ شُهَدَآءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ ٱلْوَٰلِدَيْنِ وَٱلْأَقْرَبِينَ

O believers! Stand firm for justice and bear true witness for the sake of Allah, even though it be against yourselves, your parents or your relatives.

Islam condemns all forms of oppression and injustice. The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is oppressed” [Bukhari], implying that one should stop the oppressor from causing harm.

  1. Compassion and Kindness (Rahmah)

Actions should be infused with mercy and kindness. The Quran frequently mentions Allah’s attribute of being the Most Merciful, setting a precedent for believers to emulate. The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ exemplified compassion, as seen in his treatment of animals, the needy, and even his adversaries.

  1. Self-Control and Patience (Sabr)

Patience is a virtue highly valued in Islam. Surah Al-Baqarah [2: 153] encourages Believers to seek help through patience and prayer. Muslims are expected to exercise self-control in the face of temptations and challenges.

  1. Modesty and Humility (Tawadhu’)

Muslims are encouraged to be humble in their actions and interactions. describes the servants of the Merciful as those who walk on the earth humbly.

وَعِبَادُ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا

True servants of the Compassionate (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility… [Al-Furqan 25: 63]

Arrogance is condemned in Islam, and believers are reminded that pride leads to their downfall.

  1. Generosity and Charity (Ithar)

Acts of generosity and charity are highly regarded. The Quraan likens charity to a seed growing into multiple ears of corn, signifying abundant rewards. True generosity often involves sacrifice, putting the needs of others before one’s own. This was a salient characteristic of the Prophet ﷺ and his illustrious Companions RA.

  1. Social Responsibility and Cooperation (Ta’awun)

Islam encourages active participation in the community and helping one another in righteousness and piety. Actions should aim at the collective good, fostering cooperation and social harmony.

  1. Respect for Others and Their Rights

Islam places significant emphasis on respecting the rights of others, including parents, neighbours, and all living beings,

وَٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا۟ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔا ۖ وَبِٱلْوَٰلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَـٰنًا وَبِذِى ٱلْقُرْبَىٰ وَٱلْيَتَـٰمَىٰ وَٱلْمَسَـٰكِينِ وَٱلْجَارِ ذِى ٱلْقُرْبَىٰ وَٱلْجَارِ ٱلْجُنُبِ وَٱلصَّاحِبِ بِٱلْجَنۢبِ وَٱبْنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـٰنُكُمْ

Worship Allah ‘alone’ and associate none with Him. And be kind to parents, relatives, orphans, the poor, near and distant neighbours, close friends, ‘needy’ travellers, and those ‘bondspeople’ in your possession. [An-Nisaa 4: 36]

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,

“‏ لاَ يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ – أَوْ قَالَ لِجَارِهِ – مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ ‏”

“None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself” [Bukhari].

Practical Application

These principles translate into a wide array of practical behaviours:

  • Family Life: Treating family members with kindness, fulfilling responsibilities, and fostering an environment of love and respect.
  • Work and Business: Conducting business with honesty, avoiding fraud, and ensuring fair dealings.
  • Community Involvement: Participating in community service, advocating for justice, and helping those in need.
  • Personal Development: Continuously seeking knowledge, improving oneself, and striving for moral and spiritual growth.

The discipline of actions in Islam is a holistic approach that guides every aspect of a Muslim’s life, encouraging a balance between personal development, ethical behaviour, and social responsibility. By adhering to these principles, Muslims aim to live a life that is pleasing to Allah, beneficial to society, and fulfilling on a personal level.

This comprehensive ethical framework encourages Muslims to cultivate a character marked by integrity, compassion, and a sense of responsibility towards oneself, others, and the environment.

During Hajj, the Discipline of a person`s actions is very important, a Haaji is not even allowed to kill an insect, let alone harm a fellow human.



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