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Khadijah RA: Lineage and Family – Part 1

Aug 11, 2022

We have concluded the discussion on the Women Around Musa AS, and since we are still in August which is known as Women`s Month, we will continue to focus on Honouring Muslim Women who undoubtedly made a huge impact on Islam.
From these women, the greatest to look at will certainly be the Honourable Wives of the Prophet ﷺ, who are definitely included in the Ahlul Bayt (as we had already discussed previously).

The first woman whom we will focus on is none other than the first wife of Nabi ﷺ – Khadijah رضي الله عنها
Khadijah al-Kubra daughter of Khuwaylid ibn (son of) Asad ibn Abdul-`Uzza ibn Qusayy belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe of Banu Asad. She was a distant cousin of her husband the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy. Qusayy, then, is the ancestor of all clans belonging to Quraish. According to some historians, Quraish’s real name was Fahr, and he was the son of Malik, son of Madar son of Kananah.
According to a number of sources, Khadijah was born in 565. Khadijah’s mother, who died around 575, was Fatima daughter of Za’ida ibn al-Asam of Banu `Amir ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghalib, also a distant relative of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Khadijah’s father, who died around 585, belonged to the Abd al-`Uzza clan of the tribe of Quraish. Like many other Quraishis, he was a merchant, a successful businessman whose vast wealth and business talents were inherited by Khadijah and whom the latter succeeded in faring with the family’s vast wealth. It is said that when Quraish’s trade caravans gathered to embark upon their lengthy and arduous journey either to Syria during the summer or to Yemen during the winter, Khadijah’s caravan equalled the caravans of all other traders of Quraish put together.

Although the society in which Khadijah was born was terribly male chauvinistic, Khadijah earned two titles: Ameerat Quraish, Princess of Quraish, and at-Tahira, the Pure One, due to her impeccable personality and virtuous character, not to mention her honourable descent. She used to feed and clothe the poor, assist her relatives financially, and even provide for the marriage of those of her kin who could not otherwise have had means to marry.

There is consensus among the historians that she belonged to a very noble and elite family. Suffice to say; from all the spouses of Nabi ﷺ, she was closest to him in lineage. Her father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad was from the royals of Quraysh. He was part of the delegation sent to congratulate the Arab king of Yemen upon his victory over the Ahbash. She herself was well known amongst her people as a noble and pure woman. Zubair ibn Bakkar reports:

كانت تدعى فى الجاهلية الطاهرة
During the days of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islam), she was referred to as the pure one.

Al Tamimi states:
كانت تسمى سيدة نساء قريش
She was named, “The leader of the women of Quraysh.”

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