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The end of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict?

Sameera Casmod |
29 September 2023 | 11:25am SAST
2-min read

Picture: The Guardian

The independent nation of Nagorno-Karabakh announced its intention to dissolve itself, thereby bringing an end to the existence of the unrecognised republic by the year 2024.

Dr Ufuk Tasci, a political analyst, discussed the most recent developments in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict during an interview on Radio Islam International.

The conflict in the Nagorno-Karabakh region began in 1991 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Azerbaijan and Armenia fought a war for the domination of the enclave. When the war drew to a close, Armenian forces seized Nagrono-Karabakh, causing the migration of more than six hundred thousand Azerbaijanis. Twenty-nine years later, Azerbaijan recaptured most of the territory it lost in the 1991 conflict. Now, it appears that Azerbaijan is renewing its efforts to reclaim power over its territory. Approximately 60 000 Armenians have left Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia.

Dr Tasci noted that the dispute in the region is complex not only because of the historical context, but also because of conflicting international geopolitical interests in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. It appears that external forces have been pushing for the dissolution of the breakaway government to facilitate a swift deal. Simultaneously, there are lobbying efforts urging the United States to exert pressure on Azerbaijan to step back from the situation.

Recent events have reinforced Azerbaijan’s control over the region. Dr Tasci said.

Dr Tasci said that footage from the ground shows Azerbaijan’s soldiers providing assistance, including food and health aid, to Armenians in the region. This suggests that humanitarian efforts are ongoing and may not be the sole driver of this decision.

Dr Tasci highlighted the geopolitical significance of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Zangezur Corridor, viewing it as a bridge between the Turkish world and the rest. If Azerbaijan regains control over its territory, it could have far-reaching implications for trade, cultural exchanges, and commercial activities. This development is not just a geopolitical matter but also a cultural and economic bridge of great importance to Turkey and regional countries.

Regarding the Western world’s position on the Nagorno-Karabakh issue, Dr Tasci noted a lack of consistency. While there have been instances of acknowledgment that Armenia invaded Azerbaijani territory, the broader perspective often appears one-sided. Calls were made for Western nations to consider the complexities of the conflict, acknowledging historical events and pursuing a more balanced approach to finding a permanent solution.

Listen to the full interview on Sabaahul Muslim with Moulana Sulaimaan Ravat:


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